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Shadab Khan
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:06 pm
hi
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deepika2029
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:07 pm
Rani Laxmi Bai, popularly known as Rani of Jhansi, was a heroine of Revolt of 1857. She was and still is revered by people of Jhansi and remembered with pride whenever the Indian freedom struggle is mentioned. She was born on 19 November 1835 at Kashi (Varanasi) to Moropant Tambe and was named Manikarnika. Her father worked in the court of the exiled Peshwa of Poona (Pune). Unlike girls of her age, she was interested in learning various aspects of warfare. She was an expert horse rider, sword fighter, and learned shooting and fencing.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:07 pm
Lakshmi Bai, also spelled Laxmi Bai, (born c. November 19, 1835, Kashi, India—died June 17, 1858, Kotah-ki-Serai, near Gwalior), rani (queen) of Jhansi and a leader of the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58.

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deepika2029
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:07 pm
As was the custom of that time, she was married at the age of 14 years to the King of Jhansi ‘Gangadhar Rao Newalkar’, a widower and some 25 years her senior. She was named Laxmi Bai after the marriage. As was the prevalent custom, Rani Laxmi Bai observed ‘pardah’ (the custom to not appear in public without a veil), but she did not stop practising the various sports she loved,
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Dhruv singhaniya
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
Brought up in the household of the peshwa (ruler) Baji Rao II, Lakshmi Bai had an unusual upbringing for a Brahman girl. Growing up with the boys in the peshwa’s court, she was trained in martial arts and became proficient in sword fighting and riding.
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deepika2029
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
which was different from what was the usual practice of women of Royal household. She formed and trained her own army out of her female friends at court. After few years of marriage, Rani Laxmi Bai gave birth to a son in 1851 who died shortly after. The King never recovered from his son’s death, and he died on 21 November 1853. Rani Laxmi Bai was still only 18 years old.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
She married the maharaja of Jhansi, Gangadhar Rao, but was widowed without bearing a surviving heir to the throne. Following established Hindu tradition, just before his death the maharaja adopted a boy as his heir. Lord Dalhousie, the British governor-general of India, refused to recognize the adopted heir and annexed Jhansi in accordance with the doctrine of lapse.
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Aditya992000
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
Rani Lakshmi Bai was a great warrior, brave, patriotic and a fearless woman. The exact date of birth of Lakshmibai is still a topic of debate. It is believed that Rani Laxmi Bai, the queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi was born in November 1835.
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deepika2029
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
Around that time Lord Dalhousie had approved the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ which allowed the British Government to annex any kingdom if the ruler died without leaving a legal heir. Under these circumstances, these kings adopted a son of their close relatives and wanted the British Government to approve him to be the legal heir. A petition for approval of the legal heir was filed with the help of a British officer, who appealed her case at the court of Queen Victoria, but was rejected. Jhansi was annexed into the British Empire and a pension of Rs 5,000 per year was set aside the Queen of Jhansi. The state jewels were confiscated. A few years went on like this, until a rumour began that soldiers had been supplied with bullets made with cow and pig fat, which led to the start of the Revolt of 1857.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
The 22-year-old queen refused to cede Jhansi to the British. Shortly after the beginning of the mutiny in 1857, which broke out in Meerut, Lakshmi Bai was proclaimed the regent of Jhansi, and she ruled on behalf of the minor heir.
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deepika2029
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
When the Revolt broke out it soon spread to many parts of North India and reached Jhansi, where the inmates in the jail took over the jail after killing the British officer and soldiers and went on killing their wives and children too. Rani Laxmi Bai gave shelter to many such families in her palace and saved them from falling into the hands of the revolters. As British were forced to focus their attention elsewhere and Rani Laxmi Bai was left to rule Jhansi alone.
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Aditya992000
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
This brave woman inspired generations of women to walk a path of fearlessness. Today, we will share rare facts about Rani Lakshmi Bai.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
Joining the uprising against the British, she rapidly organized her troops and assumed charge of the rebels in the Bundelkhand region. Mutineers in the neighbouring areas headed toward Jhansi to offer her support.
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deepika2029
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
During this time her qualities were demonstrated as she was able to swiftly and efficiently lead her troops against skirmishes breaking out in and around Jhansi. After the British regained their foothold in the revolt and marched towards Jhansi the Queen was prepared to plunge into a ‘Do or Die’ battle for freedom.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
Under Gen. Hugh Rose, the East India Company’s forces had begun their counteroffensive in Bundelkhand by January 1858. Advancing from Mhow, Rose captured Saugor (now Sagar) in February and then turned toward Jhansi in March
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deepika2029
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
The fight went on for four days. The British were only 1,540 in the field against an army of 20,000 rebel soldiers under the leadership of Tatya Tope, a friend and mentor of the Queen and one of the generals in the rebel army. The British soldiers were better trained and organised, so the defence of the fort fell. Rani Laxmi Bai was advised to leave the fort.
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Aditya992000
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
She was born as “Manikarnika” and was fondly called ‘Manu’.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:08 pm
The company’s forces surrounded the fort of Jhansi, and a fierce battle raged. Offering stiff resistance to the invading forces, Lakshmi Bai did not surrender even after her troops were overwhelmed and the rescuing army of Tantia Tope, another rebel leader, was defeated at the Battle of Betwa.
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Aditya992000
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:09 pm
She lost her mother at age 4, thus was left with her father. She was educated in fencing, archery, shooting and horsemanship.
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deepika2029
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:09 pm
She left the fort on horseback with her son tied to her back, along with her trusted aides to join the rest of the rebel force, some 150 kilometres from Jhansi. This ride was not an easy feat even for a man. She met with other leaders of the revolt and again trained and formed a battalion for war. To fulfil her goal of gaining freedom from the British and win in the war she needed a formidable fort.
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Aditya992000
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:09 pm
She was very independent and was treated like a son only. Her upbringing was similar to the sons of that time and was more independent than other girls.
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deepika2029
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:09 pm
The fort of Gwalior, a few kilometres from Jhansi was one such fort. She devised an ambitious and daring plan to conquer the fort. Much to the surprise of the British, she succeeded in her goal. The Maharaja of Gwalior was a friend of the British.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:09 pm
Tantia Tope and Lakshmi Bai then mounted a successful assault on the city-fortress of Gwalior. The treasury and the arsenal were seized, and Nana Sahib, a prominent leader, was proclaimed as the peshwa (ruler)
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deepika2029
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:09 pm
A few days after capturing the fort the British army attacked and recaptured the fort and Rani had to flee, fighting her way through the enemy lines. She had her adopted son tied to her back, a sword in each hand and the reins of the horse in her mouth, but the Britishers were catching up fast. Rani suffered fatal wounds, but she still managed to ride her horse to a secluded place. She found an ascetic, who recognised her.
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Aditya992000
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History of Queen of Jhansi? Empty Re: History of Queen of Jhansi?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 7:09 pm
She adopted a son after her own baby (Damodar Rao) died after 4 months of his birth.
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