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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? - Page 2 Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
There were orphaned children crying. Wounded people were rolling on the ground in pain. Countless people suffered due to the war.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
Each province was sub-divided into districts, each of these into groups of villages, and the final unit of administration was the village. The group of villages was staffed with an accountant, who maintained boundaries, registered land and deeds, kept a census of the population and a record of the livestock; and the tax collector, who was concerned with the various types of revenue.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
The whole of Kalinga was destroyed in front of his own eyes. He conquered Kalinga but there was not a single man left to live a life of slavery.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
Each village had its own officials, such as the headman, who was responsible to the accountant and the tax-collector. Officers at this level in rural administration were paid either by a remission of tax or by land grants.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
He could not stay there any longer and with a heavy heart, he led his men back towards Pataliputra.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
Ashoka the Great felt unhappy even after winning the Kalinga war. He was immersed in grief seeing the horrifying state of Kalinga with the blood and tears all over.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
Urban administration had its own hierarchy of officers. The city superintendent maintained law and order and the general cleanliness of the city. Cities were generally built of wood, necessitating the maintaining of fire precautions. The city superintendent was assisted by an accountant and a tax collector.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
The loss suffered by Kalinga due to the war was horrifying. He was unhappy because he conquered Kalinga at a cost of a heavy loss of lives. The scenes of death, pain, agony, cries, blood that he had seen on the battlefield did not give him any peace of mind and haunted him all the time.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
Megasthenes has described the administration of Pataliputra in detail. The city was administered by thirty officials, divided into six committees of five. Each committee supervised one of the following functions: questions relating to industrial arts, the welfare of foreigners, the registering of births and deaths, matters relating to trade & commerce, supervision of the public sale of manufactured goods, and, finally, collection of the tax on articles sold.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
He realised that any kind of war can continue to affect the minds and lives of the survivors for a long time.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
Two of the key offices controlled by the central administration were those of the Treasurer and the chief collector. The Treasurer was responsible for keeping an account of the income in cash and for storing the income in kind. The Chief Collector assisted by a body of clerks, kept records of the taxes which came in from various parts of the empire. The accounts of every administrative department were properly kept and were presented jointly by all the ministers to the king, perhaps to avoid fraud and embezzlement.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
At that time, Ashoka was a great emperor and conqueror. He was at the height of supreme power and there was no one equivalent to him in terms of wealth or armed strength. But, even then, he was not happy.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
Each department had a large staff of superintendents and subordinate officers. The superintendents worked at local center and were a link between local administration and the central government. Those specifically listed in the Arthashastra are the superintendents of gold and goldsmiths, and of the storehouse, commerce, forest produce, the armoury, weights and measures, tools, weaving, agriculture, liquor , slaughter houses, prostitutes, ships, cows, horses, elephants, chariots, infantry, passports and the city.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:31 pm
The Kalinga War prompted him to devote the rest of his life to non-violence (Ahimsa) and to victory through Dhamma (Dhamma-Vijaya).
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
Salaries of officials and expenditure on public works constituted a sizeable portion of the national expenses, one quarter of the total revenue being reserved for these. The higher officials were extremely well paid and this must have been a drain on the treasury.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
He preached that it is conquest through dharma that was the real conquest in life and not the conquest through violence.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
The chief minister, the purohita and the army commander received 48,000 panas, the treasurer and the chief collector 24,000 panas; the accountants and clerks received 500 panas, whereas the ministers were paid 12,000 panas; and artisans received 120 panas. The value of the pana is not indicated, nor the intervals at which the salaries were paid.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
He became a follower of Buddhism. Ashoka promised that he would never again take to arms again.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
He ended the military expansion of the empire. The Kalinga war became his first and last war.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
Ashoka ruled for thirty seven years and died in 232 B.C. With his death political decline set in and soon after the empire broke up. The Ganges valley remained under the Mauryas for another fifty years. The north-western areas were lost to the Bactrian Greeks by about 180 B.C.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
The reasons for this political decline are, up to a point , similar in the disintegration of most empires on the Indian sub-continent,. The basic reason which have been associated with the decline of the Mauryan empire, is the policies of Ashoka.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? - Page 2 Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
He made some significant changes in the state policy of Magadh. The policy of Magadhan imperialism ended.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:32 pm
He was responsible for causing a virtual revolt within the Brahmans because of his pro-Buddhist policy. But making this factor, singly, responsible for the decline of the Mauryan empire would be a exaggeration of facts. Mauryan economy was under considerable pressure. The need for vast revenues to maintain the army and to finance the salaries of officials and settlements on newly cleared land must have strained the treasury.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? - Page 2 Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:33 pm
The age old policy of aggression and conquest of the Magadhan rulers also ended. A new policy of peace and non-violence was adopted in the empire. After the Kalinga war, Ashoka controlled the entire Indian subcontinent, except for the extreme southern part.
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karan
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:33 pm
His laws of Dhamma were engraved on rocks and stone pillars. Missionaries were sent to other countries to preach Buddhism and dhamma, so that more and more people adapt to non-violence mode of living. Such inscriptions can be found even today both in India and outside.
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