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Manoj
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:24 pm
hi
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:26 pm
One of the most famous wars in Indian history and also one of the bloodiest battles in World history, the Kalinga War was fought between Ashoka, the great Mauryan Emperor, and the ruler of the State of Kalinga, a feudal republic located on present-day Odisha and northern parts of Andhra Pradesh.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:27 pm
Historians have different views regarding the reasons that compelled Ashoka to invade Kalinga. When Ashoka, the son of the Mauryan emperor Bindusara and the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, the first Mauryan Emperor, ascended the throne of Magadha in 273 BC, he also wanted to follow the footsteps of his father and grandfather and set out to expand his empire to become a great conqueror
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:27 pm
Kalinga was a part of Magadha Empire during the time of the Nandas.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:27 pm
When the Nandas were defeated by Chandragupta Maurya, Kalinga was an independent state. While Chandragupta Maurya and Bindusara initially wanted to re-conquer it, they could not succeed.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:27 pm
It was Ashoka who came forward to conquer it again. Also, historians reveal that Kalinga had already expanded its military power and had huge material prosperity due to its trade relations with Java, Malay, and Ceylon, right from the time of Chandragupta to that of Ashoka, and Ashoka could not neglect the importance of Kalinga for the Mauryan Empire.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:28 pm
The vast military strength, wealth and power of Kalinga were the main causes of jealousy for the Magadha Empire and so, Ashoka wanted to re-establish the Magadh power in this state.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:28 pm
In the 12th year of Ashoka's reign, he sent a message to the ruler of Kalinga to surrender his empire to the Mauryas. However, Kalingaraj or the ruler of Kalinga refused to submit to the Mauryan Empire. Thus, followed a huge war between the two rulers in 261 B.C.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:28 pm
The Kalinga army had only 60,000 infantry, 1,000 cavalry and 700 elephants. On the other hand, the Greek ambassador Megasthenes mentions the military strength of Kalinga to be of about one lakh, which consisted of 1700 horses, thousands of elephants, and 60 thousand soldiers. Kalinga army also had a powerful naval force.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:28 pm
Winner: Ashoka the Great
Loser: The Ruler of Kalinga
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Dhruv singhaniya
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:28 pm
When Ashoka, the son of the Mauryan emperor Bindusara and the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, ascended the throne of Magadha in 273 B.C. treading in the footsteps of his forefathers he set out to expand his empire. In the 12th year of his reign, he sent a message to Kalinga asking its submission, but the Kalingaraj refused to submit to the Mauryan empire.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:28 pm
As a result Ashoka lead a huge army against Kalinga. This took place in 261 B.C., the freedom loving people of Kalinga offered a stiff resistance to the Mauryan army. The whole of Kalinga turned into a battle arena. History offers us but few examples of such fiercely fought wars as this. The Kalingaraj himself commanded his army in the battle field
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
Ashoka and his army fought a severe fight with the army of Kalinga. They offered a stiff resistance to the Mauryan army.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
. However, the limited forces of Kalinga were no match for the overwhelming Magadha army. Contrary to Ashoka's expectations, the people of Kalinga fought with such great valor that on number of occasions they came very close to a victory. The soldiers of Kalinga perished in the battlefield fighting till their last breath for their independence. The victory ultimately rested with Ashoka.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
The entire town of Kalinga turned into a battle ground and every one came forward to fight against the Mauryan army, commanded by their ruler.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
The war took a tremendous toll of life and property. The 13th rock edict of Ashoka throws light on this war. Atleast 0.1 million Kalingans were killed while another 0.15 million were taken prisoners. And almost equal number of Magadha soldiers were also killed. There was not a single man left in Kalinga to live a life of slavery.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
However, they were no match for the mighty Magadha army, led by Ashoka himself. They resisted and fought bravely.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
This is the singular instance of a war in history which brought about a complete change of heart in a stern ruler like Ashoka. The scene of the war presented a horrible sight, the whole terrain was covered with the corpses of soldiers, wounded soldiers groaned in severe pain, vultures hovered over their dead bodies, orphaned children mourning the loss of their nears and dears, widows looked blank and despaired.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
n fact, in many instances, the army and the people of Kalinga came very close to victory. Till the last breath, they fought with great valour and finally the soldiers and the people of Kalinga perished in the battlefield. And Ashoka won the great battle of Kalinga.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
Ashoka became victorious and, as a result ruled Kalinga. But at what cost? Ashoka saw the blood filled battlefield with his own eyes.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:29 pm
This sight overwhelmed Ashoka. He realized that his victory at such a cost is not worthwhile. The whole war resulted in Ashoka's deviation towards Buddhism and after two and a half years he became an ardent follower of Buddhism under Acharya Upgupta.
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
100,000 men lost their lives and 1,50,000 were taken as prisoners. An equal number of Mauryan soldiers died.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
Apart from the metropolitan area, which was directly governed, the empire was divided into four provinces each under a prince or member of the royal family whose official status was that of a viceroy. Governors administering smaller units were selected from amongst the local people. The provincial ministers were powerful and could act as a check on the viceroy, and were on various occasions effective rulers
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karan
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What was the history of Kalinga War ? Empty Re: What was the history of Kalinga War ?

on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
He saw the corpses of horses, elephants and soldiers in the battlefield. Blood streams were seen everywhere.
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Dhruv singhaniya
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on Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:30 pm
Ashoka sent inspectors on tour every five years for an additional audit and check on provincial administration. There were specially appointed judicial officers both in the cities and in the rural areas. Fines served as punishments in most cases. But certain crimes were considered too serious to be punished by fines alone, and capital punishments were delivered.
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