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Manoj
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 10:36 am
hi
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 10:59 am
The best gladiators were prized local celebrities of their day. Therefore, most didn't fight 'til the death as quite simply their managers will have wanted to make as much profit out of them as possible. They were trained to wound, not to kill.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 10:59 am
Most matches would end with one seriously injured, but a survivor none the less.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 10:59 am
Despite this, the life of a gladiator was a short one. Most only lived to their mid-twenties (many only until their late teen years) and historians estimate that the average gladiator would likely only fight around ten matches until he met his demise.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:01 am
A gladiator (Latin: gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals. Some gladiators were volunteers who risked their lives and their legal and social standing by appearing in the arena.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:02 am
Most were despised as slaves, schooled under harsh conditions, socially marginalized, and segregated even in death.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:02 am
Irrespective of their origin, gladiators offered spectators an example of Rome's martial ethics and, in fighting or dying well, they could inspire admiration and popular acclaim
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:02 am
They were celebrated in high and low art, and their value as entertainers was commemorated in precious and commonplace objects throughout the Roman world.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:02 am
The origin of gladiatorial combat is open to debate. There is evidence of it in funeral rites during the Punic Wars of the 3rd century BC, and thereafter it rapidly became an essential feature of politics and social life in the Roman world. Its popularity led to its use in ever more lavish and costly games.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:03 am
The gladiator games lasted for nearly a thousand years, reaching their peak between the 1st century BC and the 2nd century AD. The games finally declined during the early 5th century after the adoption of Christianity as state church of the Roman Empire in 380, although beast hunts (venationes) continued into the 6th century.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:03 am
Early literary sources seldom agree on the origins of gladiators and the gladiator games. In the late 1st century BC, Nicolaus of Damascus believed they were Etruscan.
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meenu007
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:03 am
.Gladiators were both professional and amateur fighters in Ancient Rome
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meenu007
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:04 am
They fought to entertain “civilized” spectators
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:04 am
A generation later, Livy wrote that they were first held in 310 BC by the Campanians in celebration of their victory over the Samnites. Long after the games had ceased, the 7th century AD writer Isidore of Seville derived Latin lanista (manager of gladiators) from the Etruscan word for "executioner," and the title of Charon (an official who accompanied the dead from the Roman gladiatorial arena) from Charun, psychopomp of the Etruscan underworld. This was accepted and repeated in most early modern, standard histories of the games.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:04 am
Reappraisal of pictorial evidence supports a Campanian origin, or at least a borrowing, for the games and gladiators. Campania hosted the earliest known gladiator schools (ludi)
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:04 am
Tomb frescoes from the Campanian city of Paestum (4th century BC) show paired fighters, with helmets, spears and shields, in a propitiatory funeral blood-rite that anticipates early Roman gladiator games.
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meenu007
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:05 am
The first match of Rome took place in 264 BCE, as part of a funeral ritual
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:05 am
Compared to these images, supporting evidence from Etruscan tomb-paintings is tentative and late. The Paestum frescoes may represent the continuation of a much older tradition, acquired or inherited from Greek colonists of the 8th century BC.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:05 am
Livy places the first Roman gladiator games (264 BC) in the early stage of Rome's First Punic War against Carthage, when Decimus Iunius Brutus Scaeva had three gladiator pairs fight to the death in Rome's "cattle market" Forum (Forum Boarium) to honor his dead father, Brutus Pera.
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meenu007
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:05 am
The film has been widely credited for reigniting interest in films about Ancient Greek and Roman Culture. The remake of “Ben-Hur” has been widely credited for doing the exact opposite.

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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:05 am
This is described as a munus (plural: munera), a commemorative duty owed the manes of a dead ancestor by his descendants.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:05 am
The development of the munus and its gladiator types was most strongly influenced by Samnium's support for Hannibal and the subsequent punitive expeditions against the Samnites by Rome and her Campanian allies; the earliest and most frequently mentioned type was the Samnite.
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meenu007
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:05 am
It was rumored that Mel Gibson was originally offered the role of Maximus, but he turned it down because he felt he was too old to play the part. Ridley Scott denies this, insisting that Russell Crowe was his first and only choice for the role.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:05 am
The war in Samnium, immediately afterwards, was attended with equal danger and an equally glorious conclusion. The enemy, besides their other warlike preparation, had made their battle-line to glitter with new and splendid arms.
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Aditya992000
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on Mon Jan 14, 2019 11:06 am
There were two corps: the shields of the one were inlaid with gold, of the other with silver ... The Romans had already heard of these splendid accoutrements, but their generals had taught them that a soldier should be rough to look on, not adorned with gold and silver but putting his trust in iron and in courage ... The Dictator, as decreed by the senate, celebrated a triumph, in which by far the finest show was afforded by the captured armour. So the Romans made use of the splendid armour of their enemies to do honour to their gods; while the Campanians, in consequence of their pride and in hatred of the Samnites, equipped after this fashion the gladiators who furnished them entertainment at their feasts, and bestowed on them the name Samnites.
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